Articles for Review

Articles Currently Available for Review

All the articles published in the IJP are double-blind peer-reviewed (whereby the reviewer is unaware of the author's name; and the author is unaware who has reviewed their article) by two diifferent people. There is a fuller description of the "double-blind peer-review" process here.

We have a team of professional reviewers to look at the articles that have been submitted for publication: these people are all either members of our Editorial Board; or the International Advisory Board; or other psychotherapist professionals with particular specialisations; and ... we also ask all our published authors to join in with our peer-review process.

If you would like to join our team or reviewers, and review one of the articles below, please contact our Assistant Editor: Marzena Rusanowska 
Or, if you also know of anyone who might like to become a peer-reviewer of articles for the IJP: please ask them to contact Marzena Rusanowska.

(N.B. We like all our reviewers to submit a few professional details about themselves and their interests.)

Journal Articles Currently Available for Review (May 2017)

(168) Side Effects: (A case illustration from a Mindfulness Based Existential Therapy (MBET) perspective)

Abstract:This case illustration from an MBET perspective is a free flowing phenomenological enquiry into the lived experience of client.  It values a human-to-human ‘I Thou’ relationship, respecting client uniqueness, and difference between therapist and client, in which there is mutuality, openness, presence, and directness (Buber, 1947, 1958, Friedman, 2003).
    Mindful awareness of noticing contents of consciousness in the present, and letting go, facilitates 'bracketing' (Husserl, 1931/2002) seamlessly to create space in which to hear the client.  MBET values attentive listening with heart (Kramer, 2007), tuning in to respond to the unique needs of each client.  Interconnectedness of part and whole as one of its foundational principles, it recognises that change in any one area of person’s life can bring unforeseen changes in other parts. With several shared foundational principles between Mindfulness and Existential Therapy, MBET is an embodied integration of both practices within the being of the therapist (Nanda, 2010). In this case illustration mindfulness is both woven in seamlessly in therapy, as well as practiced formally.
Key Words: MBET, inter-relatedness, uniqueness, human-to-human, openness, worlding, world-view

One review needed: very urgently; c. 3,920 words

(202) Quantum Healing – A Super-Placebo? A Randomised Controlled Study in Patients with Affective Problems

Abstract: This study assessed the effectiveness of “quantum healing”, a method belonging to “energy psychology” approaches. 123 patients from psychiatric, psychotherapeutic and orthopaedic outpatient clinics who were on waiting lists randomised were randomised to either one session of “quantum healing” or waiting. Patients presented with various affective disorders, pain and somatoform disorders. Measures were Brief Symptom Index (BSI), the general health question of the EQ5D, a well-known German language well-being questionnaire, as well as an individualised scaling method (MYMOP) before, immediately after treatment and 12 weeks later.  The intervention lead to a significant improvement of symptoms, well-being and general health perception compared to pre-treatment and compared to controls. Between-group effect sizes ranged from d=0.9-2.0, documenting strong and lasting effects. We conclude that “quantum healing” constitutes an effective short-term therapy. The mechanisms, however, remain opaque, and most likely it is a powerful method to induce self-healing or placebo responses. 
Key Words: Energy Psychology, Quantum Healing, Randomised Controlled Study, Placebo, Affective Disorders

One review needed: very urgently; c. 6,354 words

(209) Modeling the Relationships between Client-rated Alliances and Outcomes in a Naturalistic Setting

Abstract: Two models of the relationship between client-rated outcome and working alliance in a psychotherapy training context were tested on data from a sample of Swedish outpatient clients (N = 247) in an attempt to determine whether alliance influence the outcome or develop as an artifact of a previous outcome. In the first model, the alliance is influenced by the outcome (O →A). In the second model, the outcome is influenced by the alliance (A →O). WAI and OQ-45 were used as measures of alliance and symptom level, and assessed at five time points. Structural equation methodology (path analysis) was applied to estimate total, direct, and indirect effects. The result provided support for the (A →O) model, which was found to be stable in high- and low-quality alliance groups. The results suggest that novices need to focus first on learning how to develop the working alliance with the client and then on learning to use methodology and techniques that reduce the clients’ symptoms.
Key Words: Alliance, psychotherapy outcome, WAI, OQ-45, structural equation modeling

2 reviews needed urgently : c. 5,186 words

(211) Self-Forgiveness Therapy and Clients' Changes in Perceived Responsibility

Abstract: Self-forgiveness may be a useful treatment goal for clients whose actions have hurt others. Theoretical conceptualizations of self-forgiveness stress the importance of accepting responsibility as a precursor to genuine, ethical self-forgiveness. The current study therefore examined clients’ (N = 21) changes in perceived responsibility for an offense discussed during self-forgiveness counselling. Average perceived responsibility did decrease during treatment, but correlations with observer-rated responsibility suggest clients accepted a more reasonable amount of responsibility following treatment. 38% of participants decreased in responsibility during the intervention. Review of client offenses suggests that decreases in perceived responsibility may be clinically appropriate for some clients.
Keywords: self-forgiveness, counselling, psychotherapy, counseling, responsibility, interpersonal offenses

2 reviews needed urgently: c. 6,164 words

(212) Schema Therapy for Pervasive and Chronic Life Problems: A Hermeneutic Single-Case Efficacy Design Study

Abstract: This study examines Schema Therapy (ST) within a framework inspired by the adjudicated hermeneutic single-case efficacy design. The client was a nineteen-year-old female college student, suffering from chronic life problems and cluster-c related issues. She was evaluated using quantitative and qualitative data. Based on these data, affirmative and sceptical arguments were developed about whether the observed change could be attributed to ST or not. Three judges concluded that the client substantially progressed over the course of therapy. Both the client and judges emphasized that the experiential techniques and therapeutic relationship, which are prominent features of ST, were effective in the treatment process.
Keywords: case study research, qualitative research methods, hermeneutic single-case efficacy design, schema therapy, efficacy

2 reviews needed urgently: c. 7,390 words

(213) Effectiveness of Psychoeducation and Cognitive Behavior Therapy for Students with Symptoms of Depression and Low Adaptability Skills

Abstract: Depressive symptoms among adolescents have become a target population for number of research studies where some of which includes senior high school students. Adolescent period and being in senior high school is marked by large variations in adolescents' adjustment pattern and requires close monitoring towards promoting a healthy and adaptable well being. To assess the feasibility and effects of Program on Adaptability with Intervention on Depression (PAWID): A Psychoeducation and Cognitive Behavior Approach for Filipino adolescent students; the program was delivered to 13 adolescents with symptoms of depression and low adaptability skills in 10 sessions. A pre-experimental one group pre- and post-test design was used. Adolescents reported significant decreased in depression and enhanced level of adaptability skills. There was a statistically significant decreased in depression scores using the SPSS 22, from pre-PAWID (M = 13.38, SD = 6.185) to post-PAWID (M = 8.62, SD = 4.840), t (12) = 4.676, p ≤ .0001 (two-tailed). Paired-sample t test showed significant increase in adaptability mean scores from pre- to post intervention from pre-PAWID (M = 25.08, SD = 4.349) to post-PAWID (M = 29.31, SD = 4.423), t (12) = -3.437, p ≤ .0005 (two-tailed) Evaluations indicated that PAWID was a positive experience for the participants. PAWID as a group format psychoeducation and cognitive behavior approach is a promising intervention that can be delivered within 45-minute per session. With this intervention, the therapist and counselors working with students who have symptoms of depression and low adaptability skills can apply this preventive measure in dealing with this condition in an evident based manner. Routine implementation of PAWID with adolescents that have symptoms of depression could provide treatment for so many adolescents who currently do not receive needed care.
Keywords: depression, adaptability, senior high school, adolescents, cognitive behavior therapy,  psycho-education

2 reviews needed urgently: c. 5,607 words

(214) The Effectiveness of Self- Hypnosis Training in Reducing Depressive and Insomnia Symptoms in a Sample of Depressed Students

Abstract: This study aimed at investigating the effect of hypnosis training upon depression and insomnia reduction, among a sample of Mutah University students. The study sample consisted of (57) students, who were suffering from mid and high levels of depression and insomnia. They were divided into two groups: experimental group (29) students and control group (28) students. The subjects in the experimental were trained in self-hypnosis, whereas, the subjects of control group were not trained at all. After termination the training period which lasted on average for 8 sessions for each student, depression and insomnia scales were administered as a post-test to all subjects of the two groups.The results of Mancova analysis test revealed significant effect for the manipulation in reducing the means of depression and insomnia levels in the post-test, in favor of experimental group compared with the control group.
Key words: hypnosis, depression, insomnia, college students.

2 reviews needed urgently: c. 5,566 words

(216) The Problem of Goals

Three Ways of Being a Therapist: There are various ways of being a therapist, and there are many ways to consider core concepts across a wide variety of theoretical and practice orientations. There are many different ways in which most therapists might be able to use the self, which are not mutually exclusive. Arising out of the debate over whether psychotherapy is an art (or perhaps a craft) or a science, there is the equally interesting question as to what kind of expert the therapist is. I would like to urge that there are three main possibilities for this: the therapist's position can be instrumental, authentic or transpersonal. Each of these possibilities makes different assumptions about the self, about the relationship, and about the level of consciousness involved in doing therapy; and in turn leads to different assumptions about the content of training and the process of supervision.

2 reviews needed: c. 2,891 words

(217) What Do They Really Think? A Qualitative Study of Group CBT and Group Information and Support for Depressed Adults.

Abstract: This qualitative study explored service-users views of factors facilitating recovery in two group therapy programs for depression: cognitive behavior therapy (gCBT, n = 9) and information and support (gIS, n = 7). The study was nested within a controlled trial conducted in a secondary care, public mental health service. Semi-structured interviews were conducted with participants. A thematic content analysis of interview transcripts using both etic and emic codes showed that for participants who had engaged in gCBT, treatment factors viewed as promoting recovery were those central to the CBT theoretical model. Cognitive restructuring, behavioural activation, relapse prevention, and to a lesser extent, socialization into the CBT model, were seen as important for recovery. Information and group support were seen as important for recovery in gIS. Surprisingly, they were not viewed as important as cognitive restructuring and behavior activation and change that gIS participants spontaneously engaged in, despite not receiving skills training in these areas. The therapeutic alliance and emotional and practical group support were identified as recovery-promoting factors common to both therapeutic approaches. Factors outside therapy that were viewed as affecting recovery included internal and external risk and protective factors, as well as alternative therapies. Recovery was viewed as involving improvements in emotion regulation, lifestyle, and physical symptoms. Participants also gave constructive suggestions for improving gCBT and gIS.
Keywords: Depression; group cognitive behavior therapy; information and support group therapy; change interview; qualitative research.

2 reviews needed: c. 8,670 words

(218) Dependent Personality Disorder and Treatment Response to Psychodynamic Therapy versus Cognitive Behavioral Therapy: A Case Study

Abstract: Dependent Personality Disorder (DPD) is a condition in which a person exhibits clingy behavior, has difficulty making decisions, and needs the reassurance of others. Certain characterological traits of individuals with DPD, such as poor self-esteem, resulting in poor interpersonal relationships and self-doubt, often become obstacles to treatment.  This paper aims to highlight the challenges inherent in the treatment of DPD, while demonstrating differential treatment response of one case, to treatment modality. After several years of limited response to psychotherapy, the patient (Ms. S) demonstrated positive gain following the introduction of cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT) techniques.  CBT allowed for positive utilization of the patient’s strengths while introducing tools to help address her areas of weakness, thereby allowing her to effectively pursue her goals.
Keywords: Dependent Personality Disorder; Psychotherapy; Cognitive Behavioral Therapy

2 reviews needed: c. 1,490 words

(219) The Central Role of Attention in Psychotherapy

Abstract: This theoretical exposition aims to highlight the important, fundamental, and ever present role that "attention" plays in all forms of psychotherapy. A phenomenological method is used, based primarily on the work of Edmund Husserl, which describes the universal structure and components of “attention.” It attempts to show that the various theories, concepts and terms of different psychotherapies initially function as “objects of attention” for the psychotherapist which then become a lens through which she or he see what needs changing in order to help their clients. Psychotherapy techniques appear to share the common characteristic of directing clients’ attention to previously unrecognized realms that help them improve. Additionally, a “therapeutic hierarchy” is described that appears to characterize the optimum sequence of therapeutic attention for all forms of psychotherapy. Theoretical and practical advantages of this approach are noted, as well as its limitations.
Keywords: attention, phenomenology, psychotherapy, therapeutic hierarchy, theory, techniques 

2 reviews needed: c. 5,505 words

(220) An Orphaned Psychotherapy Problem In Need of Research Attention: Enticing client-therapist interaction processes that may be harmful to clients and their families

Abstract: This article describes possibly common, enticing, but ultimately maladaptive patterns of client-therapist interaction that may unwittingly occur when therapists never meet or observe their clients’ significant others. As the therapeutic alliance develops in individual counseling, and as therapists learn more about their clients’ problems, interpersonal environments may appear increasingly dysfunctional and harmful. Confrontations and estrangement from family members may ensue. Empirical research is required on this important but neglected psychotherapy problem.
Keywords: Psychotherapy, Counseling, Family therapy, Interpersonal Process, Client-Therapist Interaction

2 reviews needed: c.2,770 words