Articles for Review

Articles Currently Available for Review

All the articles published in the IJP are double-blind peer-reviewed (whereby the reviewer is unaware of the author's name; and the author is unaware who has reviewed their article) by two diifferent people. There is a fuller description of the "double-blind peer-review" process here.

We have a team of professional reviewers to look at the articles that have been submitted for publication: these people are all either members of our Editorial Board; or the International Advisory Board; or other psychotherapist professionals with particular specialisations; and ... we also ask all our published authors to join in with our peer-review process.

If you would like to join our team or reviewers, and review one of the articles below, please contact our Assistant Editor: Marzena Rusanowska 
Or, if you also know of anyone who might like to become a peer-reviewer of articles for the IJP: please ask them to contact Marzena Rusanowska.

(N.B. We like all our reviewers to submit a few professional details about themselves and their interests.)

Submitted Journal Articles Currently Available for Review (July 2017)

(202) Quantum Healing – A Super-Placebo? A Randomised Controlled Study in Patients with Affective Problems

Abstract: This study assessed the effectiveness of “quantum healing”, a method belonging to “energy psychology” approaches. 123 patients from psychiatric, psychotherapeutic and orthopaedic outpatient clinics who were on waiting lists randomised were randomised to either one session of “quantum healing” or waiting. Patients presented with various affective disorders, pain and somatoform disorders. Measures were Brief Symptom Index (BSI), the general health question of the EQ5D, a well-known German language well-being questionnaire, as well as an individualised scaling method (MYMOP) before, immediately after treatment and 12 weeks later.  The intervention lead to a significant improvement of symptoms, well-being and general health perception compared to pre-treatment and compared to controls. Between-group effect sizes ranged from d=0.9-2.0, documenting strong and lasting effects. We conclude that “quantum healing” constitutes an effective short-term therapy. The mechanisms, however, remain opaque, and most likely it is a powerful method to induce self-healing or placebo responses. 
Key Words: Energy Psychology, Quantum Healing, Randomised Controlled Study, Placebo, Affective Disorders

One review needed: very urgently; c. 6,354 words

(209) Modeling the Relationships between Client-rated Alliances and Outcomes in a Naturalistic Setting

Abstract: Two models of the relationship between client-rated outcome and working alliance in a psychotherapy training context were tested on data from a sample of Swedish outpatient clients (N = 247) in an attempt to determine whether alliance influence the outcome or develop as an artifact of a previous outcome. In the first model, the alliance is influenced by the outcome (O →A). In the second model, the outcome is influenced by the alliance (A →O). WAI and OQ-45 were used as measures of alliance and symptom level, and assessed at five time points. Structural equation methodology (path analysis) was applied to estimate total, direct, and indirect effects. The result provided support for the (A →O) model, which was found to be stable in high- and low-quality alliance groups. The results suggest that novices need to focus first on learning how to develop the working alliance with the client and then on learning to use methodology and techniques that reduce the clients’ symptoms.
Key Words: Alliance, psychotherapy outcome, WAI, OQ-45, structural equation modeling

One review needed: very urgently : c. 5,186 words

(217) What Do They Really Think? A Qualitative Study of Group CBT and Group Information and Support for Depressed Adults.

Abstract: This qualitative study explored service-users views of factors facilitating recovery in two group therapy programs for depression: cognitive behavior therapy (gCBT, n = 9) and information and support (gIS, n = 7). The study was nested within a controlled trial conducted in a secondary care, public mental health service. Semi-structured interviews were conducted with participants. A thematic content analysis of interview transcripts using both etic and emic codes showed that for participants who had engaged in gCBT, treatment factors viewed as promoting recovery were those central to the CBT theoretical model. Cognitive restructuring, behavioural activation, relapse prevention, and to a lesser extent, socialization into the CBT model, were seen as important for recovery. Information and group support were seen as important for recovery in gIS. Surprisingly, they were not viewed as important as cognitive restructuring and behavior activation and change that gIS participants spontaneously engaged in, despite not receiving skills training in these areas. The therapeutic alliance and emotional and practical group support were identified as recovery-promoting factors common to both therapeutic approaches. Factors outside therapy that were viewed as affecting recovery included internal and external risk and protective factors, as well as alternative therapies. Recovery was viewed as involving improvements in emotion regulation, lifestyle, and physical symptoms. Participants also gave constructive suggestions for improving gCBT and gIS.
Keywords: Depression; group cognitive behavior therapy; information and support group therapy; change interview; qualitative research.

2 reviews needed very urgently: c. 8,670 words

(222) Efficacy of Rational-Emotive Behaviour Therapy for Depressed University Students in Ghana

Abstract: Depression predicts subsequent difficulties in the psychological, academic, and social realms (Pomerantz & Rudolph, 2003) among the youth. The present study was to examine the efficacy of Rational-Emotive Behaviour Therapy for 39 depressed students in the University of Cape Coast, Ghana. It was hypothesized that the REBT Psychotherapy would have a positive impact on their depressive symptoms. Clients were taught the techniques of REBT and how to apply it in their life. The results showed a mean score of 27.18 and 12.69 on the pre-test and post-test respectfully. This means that depression in pre-test was higher than performance in post-test. Two dependent t-tests were conducted and the results from the t-test revealed a significant difference between pre-test performance (M=27.18, SD=5.46) and post-test performance (M=12.69, SD=4.12, t(38)= 16.293, p=.000 (2-tailed). This implies that the performance in pre-test is higher than the performance in post-test. The findings suggest that the REBT is an effective treatment and applicable for Ghanaian depressed students.
Keywords: Depression, University students, Rational Emotive Behaviour Therapy.

2 reviews needed: c. 3,650 words